Women Should Know These 8 Important Medical Tests and Vaccines

Visiting gynecologists in India is nothing short of a trial. Depending on the doctor and if you’re lucky, the visit can be easy and non-judgmental. But sometimes the experience can be embarrassing, humiliating, or may even cause the doctor to downplay your symptoms.

Source: German Medical Center

This brings us to the subject of how there are certain medical tests and vaccines that women should know about and what their gynecologists should tell them about. But unfortunately, we live in a country where marital status determines whether someone should see a gynecologist or not. We have compiled a list of these tests and vaccines. You can ask your doctor to tell you about it.

1. Pap test

This test is a screening procedure for cervical cancer. The procedure involves taking a small sample of cells from the cervix and the area around it that can be checked under a microscope for any changes that may indicate cervical cancer. Due to the lack of resources in the country, doctors recommend that women aged 30 and over have a pap smear once every three years until the age of 65.
Pap smear brush
Source: MediFee

2. Cervical cancer vaccine

India recently obtained its first locally developed cervical cancer vaccine, which is priced significantly lower than those already available in the market. It is reported that the vaccine will cost between ₹200 and ₹400. This decision will now help to prevent cases of cervical cancer in the country. Cervical cancer is preventable and can be detected through regular screenings and follow-ups.
Representative image of vaccines
Source: World Health Organization

3. Mammography

According to the National Health Portal, breast cancer is one of the most common cancers among Indian women. Women aged 30 and over are advised to have a mammogram every year. Screening includes a breast X-ray which can detect any irregular changes in the breast tissue. One can also carry out a self-examination to detect any lumps.
Breast cancer
Source: iStock

4. Bone density test

Women are more prone to osteoporosis – a condition in which bones become weak and brittle – due to hormonal changes that occur during menopause. A bone density test uses x-rays to check the level of calcium and other bone minerals.
Bone density test
Source: WikiComment

5. STD and STI tests

Regardless of gender, a person should get tested for sexually transmitted diseases and sexually transmitted infections if they are sexually active or have multiple sexual partners. Most of these tests include blood samples, urine samples, or samples taken from the cervix. These tests can be done in any hospital or pathology laboratory.
Regulation test for STDs and STIs
Source: NetDoctor

6. Blood tests to diagnose PCOS

There is no single test that can diagnose polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The doctor may recommend blood tests to measure hormone levels, ultrasounds, and pelvic physical exams. Along with this, they will ask about your medical history to rule or rule out conditions for the same. If you have missed your period or have irregular periods, you should tell your doctor.

The female reproductive system
Source: Pexel

seven. Vitamin deficiency tests

Along with your regular tests, it’s important to check your vitamin levels as well. It is reported that Indian women are susceptible to vitamin D deficiency. It is also reported that a high percentage of Indian women are anemic.
Vitamin supplements
Source: iStock

8. Thyroid tests

Women are more likely to be affected by an underactive or overactive thyroid gland. Changes in thyroid hormone levels can manifest in the body as changes in metabolism, weight, skin, etc. Although these symptoms may be perfectly normal and may be indicators of aging, it is advisable to report these changes to your doctor first. They can then guide you whether or not you need these tests.

Thyroid gland
Source: Narayana Health

Note: This list is purely informative. This is not medical advice.

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